Shared Decisions About Medical Tests | healthy 4 less
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
The hepatitis B virus causes serious and sometimes fatal liver disease. Vaccination against HBV prevents infection and its complications. Efforts to immunize only people in high-risk groups (people with many sexual partners, intravenous drug users, infants born to women who have HBV, and health care workers) have not been effective in eliminating the disease.
It is now recommended that all infants be vaccinated against HEV. This will help eliminate hepatitis B as a public health problem in the future. Three shots provide long-term immunity. Immunization is also recommended for:
• Adolescents who were not previously vaccinated, especially if they are at high risk.
Health care workers.
• People planning extended travel
to China, Southeast Asia, and other areas where HBV infection rates are high.
HaemophiJus infJuenzae Type b (Hib)
Haemophilus influenzae type b does not cause the flu. It is a serious bacterial illness that causes meningitis and may lead to brain damage and death. Most serious Rib disease affects children between six months and one year of age. Every child between two months and five years should be immunized against Rib. Children over five and adults need immunizations only if they have sickle cell anemia or spleen problems.